Varieties and Hybrids Developed at CISH

VARIETIES

MANGO (Mangifera indica L.) :
Ambika – 2000

A cross between Amrapali and Janardhan Pasand, fruits oblong oval, colour bright yellow with dark red blush, pulp dark yellow, firm with scanty fibre and weighs about 300-350g. TSS is 21oB. It is a regular bearing variety and late in maturity. The hybrid has potential for both internal and export markets because of its attractive fruit colour. Yields about 80 kg/plant by about 10 years of planting under improved cultural practices.

U.P., Bihar, M.P. Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Rajasthan.

Quantity of plants presently produced - 1400 (2013)

Arunika - 2008

A cross between Amrapali and Janardhan Pasand, the tree produces dwarf and compact canopy. Fruits are smooth, orange yellow with red blush, weigh about 190-210g, medium sized, ovate oblique, pulp orange yellow, firm with scanty fibre, pulp about 65%, TSS 24.6oB. The hybrid has potential for both internal and export markets because of its attractive fruit colour. Average fruit yield is about 69 kg/plant at 8 years of planting. It has demonstrated wider adaptability and is performing well under northern plains .A regular bearer, has red peel color.

U.P., Bihar, M.P. Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Rajasthan.

Quantity of plants presently produced - 1040 (2013)

GUAVA (Psidium guajava L.) :
Lalit – 1999

Selection from half sib population of apple guava suitable both for fresh as well as processing purposes. Highly responsive to pruning. Yields higher than other commercial varieties; about 100kg/plant by about 6 years of planting under improved cultural practices. Saffron yellow colored fruits with red blush, pulp firm pink and fruits weigh 185-200g with good blend of sugar and acid. It has about 250 mg/100g vitamin ‘C’ content. The pink color in the beverage remains stable for more than a year in storage.

Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra

Quantity of plants presently produced - 24982 (2013)

SHWETA -2005

Selection from half sib population of apple guava variety with globose fruits, medium size, weight 225g, creamy white exocarp, snow-white flesh, high TSS (12.5-13.2%) and vitamin C (300 mg 100g1 pulp) with good keeping quality. High yield, good quality and attractive fruit appearance, medium size, creamy white exocarp with red spots or blush. 90 kg/plant at the age of 6 years.

Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab and Haryana

Quantity of plants presently produced - 1040 (2013)

JAMUN Syzygium cumini(L.):
Jamun (CISH J-42)

Seedless accession obtained from a land race of Chandauli district of UP. Fruits are ovoid, seedless with good taste. Average fruit weight is 8.0g, fruit length 2.57 cm, breadth 2.18 cm, average, pulp 97.9 per cent TSS 14.47oB, ascorbic acid 34.14mg/100g, tannin 0.231 per cent, anthocyanin 1.56 per cent, has a total antioxidant value 5.54 mg /g fresh weight AEAC. It recorded total phenol content (26.78 mg/g fresh weight) and flavonoids (1.21mg/g fresh weight). The selected type has good processing potential into value added products due to absence of seed.

Jamun (CISH J-37)

Selection made from land race of Lucknow district of U.P. A mid season type, fruiting during second week of June. Average fruit weight is 22-24 g; length 3.90 cm and diameter 3.03 cm, pulp 92.26 per cent TSS 16.4oB, ascorbic acid 49.88 mg /100g and has a total antioxidant value 38.30 mg AEAC/g.

PROMISING VARIETIES

Hybrid-1084

A cross between Amrapali and Janardhan Pasand was found promising with attractive dark red colour on the peel and better shelf life. These hybrids have regular bearing character.

CISH-M-2: (Dashehari x Chausa):

Fruits of this hybrid are also medium with an average weight 220 g and oblong in shape. Skin is smooth, tough and yellowish green when ripe. Flesh is firm, dark yellow in colour with scanty fibre. TSS 23oBrix. This hybrid has commercial potential because of its sooty mould free fruit surface even after exposure to heavy rains. The fruits are similar to those of Dashehari, a leading variety of North India, but mature 15 days after Dashehari.

Hybrid-949:

This is a cross between Amrapali and Vanraj with firm flesh, attractive dark red colour on the peel and better shelf life. This hybrid has regular bearing character and late in season.

CISH-G-1:

Fruits are deep red coloured with soft seeds, attractive shape, high TSS (15oBrix) and long shelf life. Fruits of this selection recorded higher anthocyanin content. The spatial distribution of the pigments in various portions of the same fruits has shown less variation in this selection.

CISH-G-5:

A selection from open pollinated seedling guava population raised at Lucknow has been found promising (fruit weight 190g & TSS 13.7°Brix). It has attractive crimson colour fruits, higher proportion of coloured fruit, good yield and responsiveness to pruning.